December 2018 

Methods for Determining Bilirubin Level in Neonatal Jaundice Screening and Monitoring: A Literature Review
Fahmi Akmal Dzulkifli, Mohd Yusoff Mashor, and Karniza Khalid
Oils and Water Absorption Behavior of Natural Fibers Filled TPU Composites for Biomedical Applications
Ahad N. A., Rozali F. Z, Hanif N. I. H, and Rosli N. H
Design and Development of Hypertension Diagnosis Kit
Azian Azamimi Abdullah, Intan Syafika Shata and Syamimi Mardiah Shaharum
Study on Sperm DNA Integrity Detection Using an Image Processing Approach
Banu Rekha B, Vidya Lakshmi S, Anusha Devi T T, Sree Niranjanaa Bose S and Sujatha S
A Review on Development of an EEG-based Biometric Authentication System
Ong Zhi Ying, Saidatul Ardeenawatie Awang and Vikneswaran Vijean
Development of Digital Electronics Book Trainer
Intan Shafinaz Mohammad, Syafiq Abdul Halim, Ahmad Luqman Jamil, Muhammad Rashidi Abdul Razak and Nur Farahiyah Mohammad
Image Processing in Breast Carcinoma Histopathological Image: A Review
Tan Xiao Jian, Nazahah Mustafa, Mohd Yusoff Mashor and Khairul Shakir Ab Rahman
Human Balance during Gait for Normal and Fasting Subjects: A Biomechanical Study
Mohammad Shahril Salim, Nor Syahirah Izzati Foozi, Nurhidayah Omar and Maizatul Nurul Bariah Ahmad
Preliminary Study of Trong Clay – HA Bone Scaffold Fabrication Using Solvent Casting/Particulate Leaching Method and Indirect 3D-Printing Technique
N. F. Mohd Nasir, S. F. Khan, J. S. Baling, M. Riza Roslan, E. M Cheng, N. A. Mohd Amin and M. N. Abdullah
The Effects of Different Load Power Factors on the Performance of Distance Relay
Muhd Hafizi Idris, Mohd Rafi Adzman and Mohammad Faridun Naim Tajuddin
The Conservation of the Old City “Tanjung Pura” as the Tourism Asset in Langkat District
Meyga Fitri Handayani Nasution and Arjuna Pangeran
Design of the 3 kW Electric Motorcycle
H Helmi Rangkuti, R Harahap and S Suherman
Biodiesel from Avocado Seed Oil with ZnO/CaO Nanocatalyst
Pratiwi Putri Lestari and Sukmawati
Voltage Relay Protection at Transmission Lines with Arcing Fault
Nur Fatin Shazwani, Sharida, M. Irwanto, B. Poobalan and Budhi Santri Kusuma
Definite Time Overcurrent Protection Relay of Power Distribution System
Sufi Sultan, Abdulhamid, M. Nasrul and B. Poobalan
Transformer Overcurrent Protection
Shahira, Hamizah Hanum, Farah Hanan and B. Poobalan
Lean Production Analysis to Reduce Waste in The Cpo Production Process
Muhammad Fazri, Riana Puspita, Hadi Purwanto, Refiza and Juarni
The Effects of Different Load Power Factors on the Performance of Distance Relay
Muhd Hafizi Idris, Mohd Rafi Adzman and Mohammad Faridun Naim Tajuddin
Meyga Fitri Handayani Nasution, Arjuna Pangeran
Design of the 3 kW Electric Motor Cycle
H H Helmi Rangkuti, R Harahap, S Suherman


JERE has an established reputation for publishing of a high quality of research in the field of engineering and published annually. It contains original research papers of researchers in the field of engineering such as Microelectronic, Computer, Communication, Electronic, Electrical, Mechanical, Mechatronic, Metallurgy, Mathematic, Product Design, Engineering Management, Bio-Process and Environmental. All submitted manuscripts undergo for peer reviewing. The journal will publish online original research manuscripts and research review manuscripts of substance. Authors who are keen to publish their research paper in this journal should send their manuscript in triplicate hard copies and a soft copy of the file.



Manuscript submitted to Journal of Engineering Research and Education must be original work that has not been published or under consideration for publication elsewhere. The journal welcomes submissions in three clear copies written in either English or Bahasa Melayu. The manuscripts should be typed double space on A4 size paper using 12 Times New Roman font and size, single column and should be not more than 10 pages inclusive of tables, figures and illustrations. All submissions will be peer reviewed.



Manuscript should be headed by a concise title. Please include the full name of the author, complete mailing address, telephone and fax number. The title should be typed using 16 Arial font and size. In case of multiple authorships, please indicate the main author to whom all correspondence concerning the paper should be directed.



Abstract should be written not more than 200 words. The abstract should be brief and concise and should include the subject and scope of the research together with the author’s summarized conclusion.



The manuscript should consist of the following sections; Abstract, Introduction, Experiments Methodology, Results and Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgements and References.



All illustrations, including line diagrams, graphs, and photographs should be clear, sharp, noise-free and have a good contrast. Line diagram and table must be original, presented as high quality laser printed computer output. Lettering should be unambiguous, and handwriting annotations are not acceptable.



All tables should be kept simple, clear and should refer to the text. It should be numbered, titled and typed using double spacing on separate pages.


Unit, Mathematical Notation and Equation

SI units must be used. If unconventional unit are employed (e.g., denier) appropriate convention factor should be given. All equations must be clearly typed, tripled-spaced and should be identified or numbered accordingly.



References should be numbered consecutively and appear in separate References or bibliography section at the end of the manuscript in the following style, for paper and books.


1. Style for paper.

Reference number, Authors [last name followed by first initial followed by last name for other authors], year, title, periodical (in italics), volume (issue), inclusive pages number.


1.  Joyce B.A, (2003, September). In Situ Studies of the MBE Growth of III-V Systems Using RHEED and STM. Journal of Science Materials in Electronic.14 (9): 591-598.


2. Style for book.

Reference number, author, year, title (in italics), location, publisher, chapter or page number.


2.  Hubert, Charles. I. (2002). Electric Machines Theory, Operation, Applications, Adjustment and Control. New Jersey: Prentice Hall: 204-223.


Off prints

A free copy of the journal containing the published manuscript will be given to the authors. If there is more than one author, the copies will be sent to the first/main author.




All articles that have been published in the Journal of Engineering Research and Education are the copyright of Universiti Malaysia Perlis. Any person who wishes to reproduce or copy the articles must get a prior permission from the University.


E-ISSN: 2600-8297

Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement for Journal of Engineering Research and Education (JERE) which is dedicated to following best practices on ethical matters, errors , and retractions.

The journal follows the COPE Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors and the Code of Conduct for Journal Publishers.

1.     Duties of Editors

Publication Decisions

The editorial board is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published.

The editorial board will be guided by the policies of the journal and constrained by legal requirements related to libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. Members of the editorial board will confer and refer to reviewers recommendations in making this decision.

Review of Manuscripts

The editor must ensure that each manuscript is initially evaluated by the Editor for originality, making use of appropriate software to do so. After passing this test, the manuscript is forwarded to at least three (3) reviewers for single-blind peer review, each of whom will make a recommendation to accept, reject, or modify the manuscript. The review period will be up to 30 days.


An Editor, member of the editorial board or reviewer must evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, political philosophy, sexual orientation, ethnic origin, citizenship, or religious belief of the authors.


The review process takes place in two (2) stages. In the first stage, the Editor must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, and other Editorial advisers. This stage concludes with an agreement between the author and reviewers about the continuation of their cooperation in the open reviewing forum in which issues of confidentiality do not arise. In the next stage, the submitted manuscript will be assigned to potential reviewers for single-blind peer review.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's, reviewers or any other readers own research without the express written consent to the author.

2.     Duties of Reviewers

Contribution to Editorial Decisions

Reviewers assist the editorial board in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communications during the open review process. The process may also involve the author in order to improve the paper.

Qualification of Reviewers

Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the Editor and excuse himself from the review process. The editorial board is responsible for ensuring the competence of the reviewers.


Authors will normally receive feedback about the acceptance of his/her paper for the reviewing process within two (2) weeks and in another four (4) weeks s(he) will normally receive the first response from the reviewers.

The editorial board is responsible for ensuring the promptness of responses in the peer review process.


Any manuscripts received for review in the peer review process are subjected to the criteria of enhancing their rationality through the mutual rational controls of critical discussion.

Reviews should be conducted objectively. Authors are encouraged to make explicit the internal criteria they use to evaluate the validity of their contributions to knowledge. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments in the spirit of enhancing the quality of the paper through the mutual rational controls of critical discussion.

Acknowledgment of Sources

Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. References to the ideas of others should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the Editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Information or ideas obtained through peer review must only be used with the explicit agreement of the participants in the peer review. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

3.     Duties of Authors

Reporting Standards

Authors of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to judge the validity of the contributions to knowledge. Authors are asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data and should, in any event, be prepared to retain such data for at least two (2) years after publication. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Originality and Plagiarism

Authors will submit only entirely original works and will appropriately cite or quote the work and/or words of others. Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work should also be cited. Plagiarism takes many forms, from "passing off" another's paper as the author's own, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another's paper (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Multiple Publication and Concurrent Publication

Submitting the same manuscript to more than one (1) journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Manuscripts which have been published as copyrighted material elsewhere cannot be submitted. In addition, manuscripts under review by the journal should not be resubmitted to copyrighted publications. However, by submitting a manuscript, the author(s) retain the rights to the published material. In case of publication, they permit the use of their work under a CCBY license [], which allows others to copy, distribute and transmit the work as well as to adapt the work and to make commercial use of it. An author should not, in general, publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one (1) journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one (1) journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Authorship of the Paper

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to conception, design, execution or interpretation of the reported study. Others who have made a significant contribution must be listed as co-authors. Authors also ensure that all the authors have seen and agreed to the submitted version of the manuscript and their inclusion of names as co-authors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental Errors in Published Works

When an author or reader discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in the published work, it is the author's obligation to promptly notify the journal Editor and work with the Editor to retract or correct the paper.

Acknowledgment of Sources

Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.

4.     Duties of the Publisher

Handling of Unethical Publishing Behaviour

In cases of alleged or proven scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism the publisher, in close collaboration with the Editors-in-Chief, will take all appropriate measures to clarify the situation and to amend the article in question. This includes the prompt publication of an erratum or, in the most severe cases, the complete retraction of the affected work. The publisher, together with the Editors, shall take reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred and under no circumstances encourage such misconduct or knowingly allow such misconduct to take place.


The Publisher does not discriminate on the basis of age, color, religion, creed, disability, marital status, veteran status, national origin, race, gender, genetic predisposition or carrier status, or sexual orientation in its publishing programs, services and activities.

Access to Journal Content

The publisher is committed to the permanent availability and preservation of scholarly research and ensures accessibility by partnering with organizations/institutions and maintaining the digital archive.

Authors who are keen to publish their research papers in this journal via online should send their manuscripts to JERE management system